List of References Iraq



Acemoglu, D. and Robinson, J. (2012) Why Nations Fail: Historical Origins of Poverty, New York: Crown Publishing Group.

Al-Jazeera (2014) ‘Infographic: Iraq’s electoral system’, Document available online at:

Almond, G. A. and Verba, S. (1963) The Civic Culture. Political Attitudes and Democracy in Five Nations, London: SAGE Publications.

Almukhtar, S. (19 May 2015) ‘ISIS Finances Are Strong’, The New York Times.

Arab Barometer for Iraq (2012) Iraq Country Report, Michael Hoffman at Princeton University, Princeton NJ.

Bartolini, S. (2005) Restructuring Europe. Centre Formation, System Building, and Political Structuring between the Nation State and the European Union, Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Benthall, J. and J. Bellion-Jourdan (2003), The Charitable Crescent. Politics of Aid in the Muslim World, London-New York, I.B. Tauris.

Bunce, V. J. and Wolchik, S. L. (2010) ‘Defeating Dictators Electoral Change and Stability in Competitive Authoritarian Regimes’, World Politics, 62(1), 43-86.

Burgess, P. J., Amicelle, A., Bartels, E., Bellanova, R., Cerami, A., Eggum, E., Hoogensen, G., Kittelsen, S., Knibbe, K., de Koning, M., Koser, K., Krause, K. and Salemink, O. (2007) Promoting Human Security: Ethical, Normative and Educational Frameworks in Western Europe, Paris: UNESCO.

Burnell, P. (2011) Promoting Democracy Abroad, New Brunswick, NJ: Transaction Publishers.

Burnell, P. and Schlumberger, O. (2010) ‘Promoting Democracy – Promoting Autocracy? International Politics and National Political Regimes’, Contemporary Politics, 16(1), 1-15.

Burnham, G., Lafta, R., Doocy, S. and Roberts, L. (2006) ‘Mortality after the 2003 Invasion of Iraq: A Cross-Sectional Cluster Sample Survey’, The Lancet, 368(9545), 1421–1428.

Burnside, C. and Dollar, D. (2000) ‘Aid, Policies and Growth’, American Economic Review, 90(4), 847-868.

Cammett, M. and L.M. MacLean (eds.) (2014), The Politics of Non-state Social Welfare, Ithaca, NY, Cornell University Press.

Carbone, G. (2009) ‘The Consequences of Democratization’, Journal of Democracy, 20(2), 123-137.

Center for the Analysis of Terrorism (CAT) (2016), ISIS Financing 2015, Center for the Analysis of Terrorism.

Cerami, A. (2013) Permanent Emergency Welfare Regimes in Sub-Saharan Africa. The Exclusive Origins of Dictatorship and Democracy, Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.

Cerami, A. and Stubbs, P. (2013) ‘Post-Communist Welfare Capitalisms: Bringing Institutions and Political Agency Back In’ in Hill, M., ed. Comparative Public Policy. Four-Volume Set. Volume II, London: SAGE, 347-370.

CIA (2015) World Factbook: Iraq, Central Intelligence Agency. Available on-line at

Collier, P. (2007) The Bottom Billion: Why the Poorest Countries Are Failing and What Can Be Done About It, Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Diamond, L. (2008) The Spirit of Democracy, New York: Times Books.

Dietrich, S. and Wright, J. (2012) Foreign Aid and Democratic Development in Africa, Helsinki: UNU-WIDER.

Esping-Andersen, G. (1999) The Social Foundations of Postindustrial Economies, Oxford: Oxford University Press.

FAO (2014) ‘IRAQ FAO STAT’, Document available online at:

Financial Action Task Force (FATF) (2015) Financing of the Terrorist Organisation Islamic State in Iraq and the Levant (ISIL), Financing of the terrorist organisation Islamic State in Iraq and the Levant (ISIL), FATF,

Ferrera, M. (2005) The Boundaries of Welfare. European Integration and the New Spatial Politics of Social Protection, Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Freitas, N. E. M. d. and Johnson, H. (2012) Formal and Informal Social Protection in Iraq, The Economic Research Forum (ERF), Dokki, Giza, Egypt.

Gellner, E. (1981), Mulsim Society, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press.

Gough, I. (2013) ‘Welfare States and Environmental States. A Framework for Comparative Analysis’, in Paper presented at the ConferenceECPR Joint Sessions of Workshops 2013, Mainz,

Gough, I., Wood, G., Barrientos, A., Bevan, P., Davis, P. and Room, G., eds. (2004) Insecurity and Welfare Regimes in Asia, Africa and Latin America, Cambirdge: Cambridge University Press.

Griffin, R. (2012), Terrorist’s Creed. Fanatical Violence and the Human Need for Meaning, Palgrave Macmillan: Basingstoke.

Haggard, S. and Kaufman, R. (2008) Development, Democracy, and Welfare States, Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.

Haggard, S. and Long, J. (2007) On Benchmarks: Institutions and Violence in Iraq, San Diego: University of California San Diego. Available online at:

Haggard, S. and Kaufman (2016) Dictators and democrats: masses, elites, and regime change, Princeton: NJ

Hall, P. A. and Lamont, M. (2009) Successful Societies: How Institutions and Culture Matter for Health, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Hall, P. A. and Soskice, D., eds. (2001) Varieties of Capitalism. The Institutional Foundations of Comparative Advantage, Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Hooghe, L. and Marks, G. (2001) Multi-Level Governance and European Integration, Lanham, Md.: Rowman and Littlefield.

Huntington, S. P. (1991) The Third Wave Democratization in the Late Twentieth Century, Norman and London: University of Oklahoma Press.

IBRD/World Bank (2014) The Unfulfilled Promise Of Oil and Growth. Poverty, Inclusion and Welfare in Iraq 2007–2012, Washington DC: World Bank.

International Commission on Intervention and State Sovereignty (2001) International Commission on Intervention and State Sovereignty: Responsibility to Protect Report, Ottawa, Canada: International Commission on Intervention and State Sovereignty. Available online at:

Jones Seth G., Dobbins, J., Byman, D., Chivvis, C. S., Connable, B., Martini, J., Robinson, E., Chandler, N.  (2017), Rolling Back the Islamic State, RAND Corporation: Santa Monica, CA.

Justino, P. (2010) War and Poverty, Brighton: MICROCON.

Kaya, Zeynep (2016) Women, Peace and Security in Iraq: Iraq’s National Action Plan to implement Resolution 1325. LSE Middle East Centre Report, Middle East Centre, LSE, London, UK.

Khatib, L. (2015), ‘The Islamic State’s Strategy: Lasting and Expanding’, Working Paper June, Beirut: Carnegie Middle East Center. Available online at:

Kazepov, Y., ed. (2010) Rescaling Social Policies: Towards Multilevel Governance in Europe, Surrey: Ashgate.

Khan, J. (2007) ‘The Iraqi Tribal Structure. Background and Influence on Counter-Terrorism’, Perspectives on Terrorism, 1(1), Document available online at:

Lijphart, A. (1999) Patterns of Democracy: Government Forms and Performance in Thirty-Six Countries, New Haven: Yale University Press.

Lister, C. (2015), The Islamic State: A Brief Introduction, Washington DC: Brookings Institution Press.

Mauss, Marcel. 2000. The Gift: The Form and Reason for Exchange in Archaic Societies. London: Routledge.

May, C. (2017), Transnational Crime and the Developing World, Global Financial Integrity report, Global Financial Integrity, Washington DC.

Mayntz, R. (2003), Mechanisms in the Analysis of Macro-Social Phenomena, MPIfG Working Paper no. 03/3, Cologne:  Max Planck Institut für Gesellschaftsforschung.

Merkel, W. ( 2004) ‘Embedded and Defective Democracies’, Democratization, 11(5), 33-58.

Merkel, W. (2010), Systemtransformation. Eine Einführung in die Theorie und Empirie der Transformationsforschung. Zweite Überarbeitete und erweiterte Auflage, Wiesbaden:  VS Verlag für Sozialwissenschaften.

Merkel, W. and Grimm, S., eds. (2009) War and Democratization. Legality, Legitimacy and Effectiveness, London: New York: Routledge.

Milliken, A. (6/25/2015) ‘Isis to Introduce Newly Minted Currency’, Newsweek, On-line available at:

Mkandawire, T. (2011) ‘Welfare Regimes and Economic Development: Bridging the Conceptual Gap’ in FitzGerald, V. and Thorp, R., eds., Overcoming the Persistence of Inequality and Poverty, Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 149-171.

Moyo, D. (2009) Dead Aid: Why Aid Is Not Working and How There Is a Better Way for Africa, New York: Douglas & Mcintyre Ltd.

Naudé, W., Santos-Paulino, A. U. and McGillivray, M., eds. (2011) Fragile States. Causes, Costs, and Responses, Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Nasiritousi, N., Hjerpe, M. and Bäckstrand, K. (2015), ‘Normative arguments for non-state actor participation in international policymaking processes: Functionalism, neocorporatism or democratic pluralism?’, European Journal of International Relations, 1354066115608926, first published on October 15, 2015doi:10.1177/1354066115608926.

Offe, C. (2006), Strukturprobleme des kapitalistischen Staates. Aufsätze zur Politischen Soziologie. Mit einem neuen Vor- und Nachwort von Claus Offe Herausgegeben und eingeleitet von Jens Borchert und Stephan Lessenich, Frankfurt/New York: Campus.

O’Donnel, G. and Schmitter, P.C. (1986), Transition from Authoritarian Rule, Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press.

Pierson, P., ed. (2001) The New Politics of the Welfare State, Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Przeworski, A. (1991), Democracy and the Market: Political and Economic Reforms in Eastern Europe and Latin America (Studies in Rationality and Social Change), Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Rajan, R. G. and Subramanian, A. (2005) What Undermines Aid’s Impact on Growth?, Washington, DC: International Monetary Fund.

Ross, M. L. (2012) The Oil Curse: How Petroleum Wealth Shapes the Development of Nations, Princeton, NJ: Princeton.

Roth, A. E. (2002), ‘The Economist as Engineer: Game Theory, Experimentation, and Computation as Tools for Design Economics’, Econometrica, 70(4), 1341–1378.

Rüb, F. W. (1996), ‘Zur Funktion und Bedeutung politischer Institutionen in Systemwechselprozessen. Eine vergleichende Betrachtung [On the Function and Meaning of Political Institutions in the Process of Regime Change. A Comparative Observation]’, in Merkel, W., Sandischneider, E. and Segert, D. (eds), Systemwechsel 2. Die Institutionalisierung der Demokratie [Regime Change 2. The Institutionalization of Democracy], Opladen: Leske+Budrich, pp. 37-72.

Saltman, E. M. and Smith, M. (2015) ‘Till Martyrdom Do Us Part’ Gender and the ISIS Phenomenon, London: Institute for Strategic Dialogue.

Sanger, D. E. and Davis, J. H. (13 September 2014) ‘Struggling to Starve ISIS of Oil Revenue, U.S. Seeks Assistance From Turkey’, New York Times,

Schramm, C. J. (2010) ‘Expeditionary Economics. Spurring Growth After Conflicts and Disasters’, Foreign Affairs, (May/June), 89-99.

Shatz, H. J. (2015) ‘Iraq Is Bankrolling ISIL’, Politico Magazine. Document available online at:

Schwarz, R. (2011), ‘Does war make states? Rentierism and the Formation of States in the Middle East’, European Political Science Review, 3 (3), 419-443.

SIGIR (2013) Learning from IRAQ: A Final Report from the Special Inspector General for Iraq Reconstruction, Bagdad: SIGIR.

Stubbs, P. and Zrinščak, S. (2009) ‘Re-Scaling Emergent Social Policies in South Eastern Europe’ in Rummery, K., Greener, I. and Holden, C., eds., Social Policy Review 21. Analysis and Debate in Social Policy, 2009, Bristol: Policy Press, 285-306.

Thies, C. G. (2015), ‘State Fiscal Capacity and State Failure’, European Political Science Review, 7 (2), 167-187.

Tilly, C. (1985) ‘War Making and State Making as Organized Crime’ in Evans, P. B., Rueschemeyer, D. and Skocpol, T., eds., Bringing the State Back In, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 169-191.

Tilly, C. and Tarrow, S. (2007) Contentious Politics, Boulder, CO: Paradigm Publishers.

Tosini, Domenico (2011), ‘Agents and Mechanisms of Terrorist Campaigns », Revue européenne des sciences sociales’ [En ligne], 49-2 |, mis en ligne le 01 janvier 2015, consulté le 01 janvier 2015. URL : ; DOI : 10.4000/ress.973

UNICEF (2012) Iraq Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey: Volume I and Volume II, Bagdad: UNICEF.

UNDP (2011) An Architecture for Buildinng Peace at the Local Level: A Comparative Study of Local Peace Committees. A Summary for Practitioners, New York: UNDP.

UNOCHA (2015) Iraq Human Repsonse Plan 2015, New York: United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs.

UNPO (2013) IRAQ: The Situation of Ethnic and Religious Minorities, Briefing paper D-IQ Meeting, European Parliament 20 June 2013, Brussels: Unrepresented Nations and Peoples Organization.

United Nations (2016), Report of the Secretary-General on conflict-related sexual violence, S/2016/361/Rev. 1, New York: United Nations.

US Social Security Administration (2014) Social Security Programs Throughout the World: Iraq, Baltimore: US Social Security Administration. Update con 2016

Waterbury, J. (2015), ‘BOOKS REVIEW: The Islamic State: A Brief Introduction by Charles R. Lister; The Rise of Islamic State: ISIS and the New Sunni Revolution by Patrick Cockburn’, Foreign Affairs, 94(5),195-196.

Weber, M. ([1922]1968) Economy and Society. 3 vols. (ed. by Günther Roth and Claus Wittich), New York: Bedminster Press.

Wikipedia (2015) ‘Elections in Iraq’, Document available online at:

Willetts P (2011) Non-Governmental Organizations in World Politics. The Constructions of Global Governance. London: Routledge.

Wolchik, S. L. and Curry, J. L., eds. (2015) Central & Eastern European Politics. From Communism to Democracy. Third Edition, Lanham, Boulder, New York, London: Rowman & Littlefield.

World Bank (2014a) Republic of Iraq Public Expenditure Review. Toward More Efficient Spending for Better Service Delivery, Washington DC: World Bank.

World Bank (2015) World Development Indicators (WDI) Databse, Washington DC: World Bank. Available online at:


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