Empowering Democracy

Introduction This article discusses one of the most basic assumptions of modernization theory, that is, the assumption of a positive relationship between economic achievements of a nation and stability of its democratic institutions. The main focus of analysis here is on the socio-economic aspects able to influence the levels of satisfaction with democracy. The basic …

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The New Politics of War against Terror in France

On Friday 13, 2015 Paris underwent a series of terrorist attacks that have opened the door to a new politics of war against terror in France. This new politics of war against terror represents an important critical juncture that will change the entire foreign policy orientation of the country. Six main mechanisms of foreign policy re-orientation can be identified: 1) an enlargement mechanism; 2) a stabilization mechanism; 3) a softening mechanism; 4) a recalibration mechanism; 5) an isolation mechanism; and 6) a mediatization mechanism.

Oil Revolution and the Modernization of Multiple Modernities

This article examines the important role of oil prices and oil price cycles in the modernization and democratization of contemporary societies. The main argument put forward in this article is that oil, oil prices and oil price cycles greatly influence the prospects for economic growth of a country, and the ways in which different waves (and reverse waves) of modernization and democratization take place. A particular attention here is given to the ‘oil revolution’ that has occurred in the post-war period, and its impact on the processes of modernization and democratization of contemporary societies.