The ‘Anti-Mafia’ Organization: A Historical-Institutionalist Approach

There are several institutional inconsistencies of the so-called ‘anti-mafia’ organization in Sicily and Italy. The Direzione Nazionale Antimafia (National Antimafia Directorate) (DNA) was established in 1991. It is considered as the national ‘coordination institution’ among the different police forces (polizia di stato, carabinieri  and guardia di finanza ). Until 2015, the main tasks of the …

Cosa Nostra’s System of Taxation and The Transnational Criminal Integrated System

Cosa Nostra has developed its own system of direct and indirect taxation. In the territories where Cosa Nostra is active, direct taxes are levied on workers, forced to pay several forms of extortion money, while indirect taxes are levied on the entire population resident in the territory by artificially increasing the prices of products through …